Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Making PROPER Skip Certain Words.

Making PROPER Skip Certain Words

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated December 17, 2016)

8

Terry uses the PROPER worksheet function all the time to change the case of text in his worksheets. He wonders if there is a way to instruct the function to ignore certain words, so that they aren't started with a capital letter. It is not unusual for him to have to go back after using PROPER and change words like "the" or "an" to all lowercase. If PROPER could skip changing such words automatically, it would be a big help.

One way to approach this is to use the SUBSTITUTE worksheet function in conjunction with the PROPER function. For instance, if you wanted to find instances of the word "The" with "the", you could use the following:

=SUBSTITUTE(PROPER(A1)," The "," the ")

Note the inclusion of the space before and after what you are searching for and what you are replacing. This insures that only full words are modified. It also makes sure that no changes are made at the beginning of the cell value or at the end.

If you wanted to search for other words that needed replacing, you can simply increase the number of instances of SUBSTITUTE in the formula:

=SUBSTITUTE(SUBSTITUTE(SUBSTITUTE(PROPER(A1)," The ",
" the ")," An "," an ")," And "," and ")

This can obviously get a bit awkward if you have a lot of words you want to exclude from being modified. In that case you'll need to resort to using a macro. The following macro, written as a user-defined function, can be used to convert all words in a cell to initial caps (just like PROPER), but make sure that certain defined words are lowercase.

Function Title(ByVal ref As Range) As String
    Dim vaArray As Variant
    Dim c As String
    Dim i As Integer
    Dim J As Integer
    Dim vaLCase As Variant
    Dim str As String

    ' Array contains terms that should be lower case
    vaLCase = Array("a", "an", "and", "in", "is", _
      "of", "or", "the", "to", "with")

    c = StrConv(ref, 3)
    'split the words into an array
    vaArray = Split(c, " ")
    For i = 2 To UBound(vaArray)
        For J = LBound(vaLCase) To UBound(vaLCase)
            ' compare each word in the cell against the
            ' list of words to remain lowercase. If the
            ' Upper versions match then replace the
            ' cell word with the lowercase version.
            If UCase(vaArray(i)) = UCase(vaLCase(J)) Then
                vaArray(i) = vaLCase(J)
            End If
        Next J
    Next i

  ' rebuild the sentence
    str = ""
    For i = 1 To UBound(vaArray)
        str = str & " " & vaArray(i)
    Next i

    Title = Trim(str)
End Function

To use the macro, all you need to do is use the following in your worksheet:

=Title(A1)

If you get an error when you try to run this macro, chances are good that you are using Excel 97. The Split function was not added until Excel 2000, so Excel 97 users will get an error. If you do, then add the following macro which emulates what the Split function does.

Function Split(Raw As String, Delim As String) As Variant
    Dim vAry() As String
    Dim sTemp As String
    Dim J As Integer
    Dim Indx As Integer

    Indx = 0
    sTemp = Raw
    J = InStr(sTemp, Delim)
    While J > 0
        Indx = Indx + 1
        ReDim Preserve vAry(1 To Indx)
        vAry(Indx) = Trim(Left(sTemp, J))
        sTemp = Trim(Mid(sTemp, J, Len(sTemp)))
        J = InStr(sTemp, Delim)
    Wend
    Indx = Indx + 1
    ReDim Preserve vAry(1 To Indx)
    vAry(Indx) = Trim(sTemp)
    Split = vAry()
End Function

You can also find an additional approach on accomplishing the desired conversion at this site:

http://dmcritchie.mvps.org/excel/proper.htm

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (10559) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Making PROPER Skip Certain Words.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He  is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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Comments

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What is 6 - 0?

2017-11-23 12:19:56

Willy Vanhaelen

@Jaisu
A user defined function must be placed in a module. You probably put it in a sheet's code page.


2017-11-21 12:43:24

jaisu

Hey,

I've been trying to incorporate this function into my VBA editor but whenever I try to use it i get a #NAME? error. What could be causing this?


2017-03-08 00:57:26

Violet

Hi, is it possible to use this from a macro sub and on a "selection" of cells?


2017-02-15 07:35:15

Willy Vanhaelen

@Tharum

Here is an example of how to do it:

Sub test()
Dim A_title As String, Result As String
A_title = "a title test of a test string"
Result = Title(A_title)
MsgBox Result
End Sub

To make it work in the macro of my post of 19 December 2016:
change: Function Title(ByVal ref As Range) As String
to: Function Title(ByVal ref As String) As String


2017-02-14 13:11:54

Tharun

how to call this function from macro Sub instead of typing =title (A1) in the worksheet, can you please help


2016-12-19 10:12:12

Willy Vanhaelen

Oops!!!

In the 6th line:
correct -> For i = 2 To UBound(vaArray)
to -> For i = 1 To UBound(vaArray)

So here it is again:

Function Title(ByVal ref As Range) As String
Dim i As Integer, J As Integer
Dim vaArray As Variant, vaLCase As Variant
vaLCase = Array("a", "an", "and", "in", "is", "of", "or", "the", "to", "with")
vaArray = Split(StrConv(ref, 3), " ")
For i = 1 To UBound(vaArray)
For J = LBound(vaLCase) To UBound(vaLCase)
If LCase(vaArray(i)) = vaLCase(J) Then
vaArray(i) = vaLCase(J)
End If
Next J
Next i
Title = Join(vaArray, " ")
End Function


2016-12-19 10:05:56

Willy Vanhaelen

@Don

You are right but you didn't notice that the first loop:
For i = 2 To UBound(vaArray)
is also wrong. It should be:
For i = 1 To UBound(vaArray)
It starts with 1 instead of 0 because the first word must not be checked, it has to be always proper case.


The 'rebuild sentence' part can be reduced to only one line (not for Excel 97):
Title = Join(vaArray, " ")
So I rewrote the macro and simplfied it a bit:

Function Title(ByVal ref As Range) As String
Dim i As Integer, J As Integer
Dim vaArray As Variant, vaLCase As Variant
vaLCase = Array("a", "an", "and", "in", "is", "of", "or", "the", "to", "with")
vaArray = Split(StrConv(ref, 3), " ")
For i = 2 To UBound(vaArray)
For J = LBound(vaLCase) To UBound(vaLCase)
If LCase(vaArray(i)) = vaLCase(J) Then
vaArray(i) = vaLCase(J)
End If
Next J
Next i
Title = Join(vaArray, " ")
End Function


2016-12-18 14:40:21

Don

When I got to the 'rebuild sentence' part of the macro, it skipped the first word. I figured out that the line:
For i = 1 To UBound(vaArray)
should have been:
For i = 0 To UBound(vaArray)
since the first element in vaArray is 0.

However, when I feed it the phrase "what the world needs now is love", it capitalizes the second word "The" but should not. In face, whatever word I put in second position is capitalized. I'm pretty sure it's an array numbering thing, but I get lost in the incrementing i and j variables.

What am I not seeing?


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