Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Mouse Click Event in VBA.

Mouse Click Event in VBA

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated January 22, 2019)

21

Supriyo asked if there is a mouse event handler in VBA. He wants a value inserted in a cell when that cell is clicked on.

The standard way to do this is with the SelectionChange event. Every time the selection changes in the worksheet, the event is triggered. The event doesn't just trigger when a cell is clicked on, but also if someone presses a cursor control key that results in a different cell being selected.

As an example, let's say that you wanted cell B5 to contain the value 10 whenever that cell is selected. To implement that, you could use the following:

Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    If Not Intersect(Target, Range("B5")) Is Nothing Then _
      Range("B5").Value = 10
End Sub

This code is added to one of the sheet objects in the Project Explorer area of the VB Editor. Double-click the worksheet you want the event handler to apply to, and then add the macro to the resulting code window.

When the SelectionChange event is triggered, the target (the cell range being selected) is passed to the handler. The macro then checks to see if the target range contains cell B5, and if it does, stuffs the value 10 into cell B5. If you want to make sure that the macro only stuffs information into B5 if only B5 (the single cell) is selected, you can use this version of the macro:

Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
    If Target.Address = Range("B5").Address Then _
      Range("B5").Value = 10
End Sub

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (3070) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Mouse Click Event in VBA.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

MORE FROM ALLEN

Pasting Clean Text

One of the most helpful tools in Word is the ability to paste straight text into a document. This is used so much on my ...

Discover More

Sorting while Ignoring Leading Characters

Want to ignore some characters at the beginning of each cell when sorting? The easiest way is to simply create other ...

Discover More

Word Mail Merge Magic (Special Offer)

Word Mail Merge Magic makes a great addition to the library of anyone wanting to master using Word's mail merge ...

Discover More

Solve Real Business Problems Master business modeling and analysis techniques with Excel and transform data into bottom-line results. This hands-on, scenario-focused guide shows you how to use the latest Excel tools to integrate data from multiple tables. Check out Microsoft Excel 2013 Data Analysis and Business Modeling today!

More ExcelTips (menu)

Creating a Directory in a Macro

One of the things you can do with macros is to work with disk files. As you do so, you may have a need to create a new ...

Discover More

Changing Directories in a Macro

Need to specify which directory on your hard drive should be used by a macro? It's easy to do using the ChDir command.

Discover More

Reversing Cell Contents

Macros are great at working with text. This tip presents an example that shows this versatility by reversing the contents ...

Discover More
Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

View most recent newsletter.

Comments

If you would like to add an image to your comment (not an avatar, but an image to help in making the point of your comment), include the characters [{fig}] in your comment text. You’ll be prompted to upload your image when you submit the comment. Maximum image size is 6Mpixels. Images larger than 600px wide or 1000px tall will be reduced. Up to three images may be included in a comment. All images are subject to review. Commenting privileges may be curtailed if inappropriate images are posted.

What is five more than 3?

2020-11-01 03:53:09

Armin

I would need to trigger code when the user CLICKS into the cell, but NOT when the user enters the cell with the keyboard. Only when he clicks with the mouse on it. Is there really no chance to capture the left click event on a cell?
I want to show a custom dropdown only when the user clicks with the left mouse button to the cell, but not when the user navigates through the worksheet, like with TAB, Page-Down, Page-Up, and so on


2019-12-26 07:36:02

Selwyn

Sorry, I had wrong Sub names: leftout "Before" and left out "Cancel As Boolean" in my previous comment for <Right_Click> AND <Double_Click> Events

Private Sub Worksheet_BeforeRightClick (ByVal Target As Range, Cancel As Boolean)
If Not Intersect(Target, Range("B5")) Is Nothing Then
Cancel = True 'To stop standard <Right_Click> event
Range("B5").Value = 10
End If
End Sub


2019-12-24 04:22:04

Selwyn

"He wants a value inserted in a cell when that cell is clicked on."

There would be much less possibility of unwanted side-effects by using <Right_Click> OR <Double_Click>
Private Sub Worksheet_Right_Click (ByVal Target As Range)
If Not Intersect(Target, Range("B5")) Is Nothing Then
Cancel = True 'To stop standard <Right_Click> event
Range("B5").Value = 10
End If
End Sub

To control Various Cells with one outcome eg, .value = 10

Private Sub Worksheet_Right_Click (ByVal Target As Range) 'Or Double_Click
Dim rngControlledCells as Range
Dim rngCellToChange as Range 'Can't use Target as ByVal
Set rngControlledCells = Range("B5","C25") 'Cells or Ranges as Desired

Set rngCellToChange = Intersect(Target, rngControlledCells )
If Not rngCellToChange Is Nothing Then
Cancel = True 'To stop standard <Right_Click> event
rngCellToChange.Value = 10
End If 'Could add tidy-up set <RangeVariables to Nothing
End Sub


2019-12-22 03:17:52

Alan Elston

@Willly
I hadn't noticed those two, I must give them a try..
Merry Xmas
Alan


2019-12-21 08:20:05

Willy Vanhaelen

I was surprised to see that in this tip a question about the Mouse Click event was "solved" by using the SelectionChange event although Excel supports two mouse events:
Private Sub Worksheet_BeforeDoubleClick(ByVal Target As Range, Cancel As Boolean)
'...
End Sub
and
Private Sub Worksheet_BeforeRightClick(ByVal Target As Range, Cancel As Boolean)
'...
End Sub

Better use one of these instead.


2019-12-20 04:18:38

Alan Elston

@S. W.
You are correct. Allen Wyatt is demonstrating so called “Event” type coding. The coding is triggered by an event, in this case a selection change. If you are “somewhere” in the worksheet and then select another place or cell , then you changed the selection , and so the coding fires. If you then continue to click on the same cell then there is no selection change: you are selecting the same place.
To get things to fire generally when you click somewhere, then some form of “Button” is typically used.
h t t p s://support.office.com/en-us/article/Overview-of-forms-Form-controls-and-ActiveX-controls-on-a-worksheet-15BA7E28-8D7F-42AB-9470-FFB9AB94E7C2
WWW.EXCELFOX.COM/FORUM/SHOWTHREAD.PHP/2241-VBA-WORKSHEET-BUTTONS-FORM-CONTROLS-COMMAND-BUTTONS-VERSES-ACTIVEX-CONTROLS-COMMAND-BUTTONS


2019-12-18 16:28:39

S. W.

if you click on the same cell more than once, the SelectionChange event does not fire. Unless I'm missing something...


2019-01-23 13:52:58

HighTree

I would-be happy When you show us About Excel 2019


2018-01-30 19:12:56

brian murray

How can i use this code to count clicks in different cells?

Public xRgS, xRgD As Range
Public xNum As Long
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
On Error Resume Next
If Target.Cells.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
Set xRgS = Range("C6")
If xRgS Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
Set xRgD = Range("N5")
If xRgD Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
If Intersect(xRgS, Target) Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
xNum = xNum + 1
xRgD.Value = xNum
End Sub

this only counts clicks in cell C6, If i copy to another cell it counts the clicks in the new cell AND the first 2, i want it to count individual clicks if thats possible


2018-01-30 18:27:03

brian murray

How can i use this code to count clicks in different cells?

Public xRgS, xRgD As Range
Public xNum As Long
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
On Error Resume Next
If Target.Cells.Count > 1 Then Exit Sub
Set xRgS = Range("C6")
If xRgS Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
Set xRgD = Range("N5")
If xRgD Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
If Intersect(xRgS, Target) Is Nothing Then Exit Sub
xNum = xNum + 1
xRgD.Value = xNum
End Sub

this only counts clicks in cell C6, If i copy to another cell it counts the clicks in the new cell AND the first 2, i want it to count individual clicks if thats possible


2017-12-06 14:22:19

Michael (Micky) Avidan

@6StringJazzer,
Try using the: Worksheet_BeforeDoubleClick event.
----------------------------
Michael (Micky) Avidan
“Microsoft® Answers" - Wiki author & Forums Moderator
“Microsoft®” Excel MVP – Excel (2009-2018)
ISRAEL


2017-12-06 03:28:54

Michael (Micky) Avidan

@6StringJazzer,
Try using the: Worksheet_BeforeDoubleClick event.
----------------------------
Michael (Micky) Avidan
“Microsoft® Answers" - Wiki author & Forums Moderator
“Microsoft®” Excel MVP – Excel (2009-2018)
ISRAEL


2017-12-05 23:48:14

6StringJazzer

Unfortunately this is a poor man's mouse click. A right click will also fire SelectionChange, which may not be desired.


2016-10-04 14:21:13

Mark

@Sumit
Looks like your date is entered as a string using a single quote at the front (ie 'dd-mmm-yy instead of dd-mmm-yy). Remove the single quote from the cell content and make sure cell is formatted as a date value. Should work then.
Cheers


2016-10-03 22:58:09

Dennis Moore

Very helpful. Experimenting with it. Trying to accomplish something similar.

Need to select a random cell, for example
A8,A8,& A8, copy there contents to G7, H7, & I7, then delete Row 8.

The kicker is I need this to happen on any cell I click.

I need to be able to click say

A21:C21 and have the contents moved to G20:I20 then row 21 deleted. This should happen on any cell I select.


2016-05-31 09:44:03

Nick

This is very helpful however I would like to include two outcomes. If I include another Range("B6").Value = 11
in the statement as below, it doesn't matter which cell I click on, the second statement will happen (ie B6=11).
How can I correct this please? Thanks for your help.

Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
If Target.Address = Range("B5").Address Then _
Range("B5").Value = 10
Range ("B6").Value = 11
End Sub


2016-02-24 15:20:24

Scott Derenne

I want to semi-automate changing the data label on a point on an imbedded chart to "est." (estimated). I recorded a macro for doing this, but can't figure out how to trap the mouse click event to select the data point. Any previous tips on this?


2016-01-08 09:06:48

Michael (Micky) Avidan

@Jeff Kanoza,
The merged area's address is, always, the address of the most upper-left cell.
--------------------------
Michael (Micky) Avidan
“Microsoft® Answers" - Wiki author & Forums Moderator
“Microsoft®” MVP – Excel (2009-2016)
ISRAEL


2016-01-07 15:13:33

Jeff Kanoza

I merged 9 cells together, and want to catch the mouse click in the merged area. The above code works fine for a single cell, but doesn't work once I merge them. Any help?

Thanks,
Jeff


2014-11-03 14:32:29

mark

This works:
[code snippet]
Private Sub Worksheet_SelectionChange(ByVal Target As Range)
Target = Format(Date, "dd-mmm-yy")
End Sub
[code snippet]


2014-11-02 13:59:34

Sumit

Hi All,

I am facing problem regarding text format to date, in my existing report date is coming ('03-Nov-14) but i want its should be (03-Nov-14).
Please help what is the vba code for above changes?

thanks and Reards
Sumit


This Site

Got a version of Excel that uses the menu interface (Excel 97, Excel 2000, Excel 2002, or Excel 2003)? This site is for you! If you use a later version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the ribbon interface.

Newest Tips
Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

(Your e-mail address is not shared with anyone, ever.)

View the most recent newsletter.