 Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Calculating Averages by Date.

# Calculating Averages by Date by Allen Wyatt
(last updated September 3, 2020)

Suppose that you have a huge worksheet that contains all the rainfall readings for a given locale for the past hundred years or so. In cells A2:A37987 you have the dates, 1 January 1903 through 31 December 2006. In cells B2:B37987 you have the measurements for each date. Further, some of the measurements can be zero (if there is no rainfall for the day) or blank (if no reading was taken that particular day). With all this information, you want to calculate the average historic rainfall for any given day of the year.

One solution involves the use of array formulas, as detailed here:

1. Select all the cells in column A that contain dates, and assign this range the name Dates.
2. Select all the cells in column B that contain rainfall data, and assign this range the name Rainfall.
3. In column D, starting in cell D2, place all the days of the year. You should end up with D2 through D366 filled with dates.
4. In cell E2, enter the following array formula (terminate the formula by pressing Shift+Ctrl+Enter). The result of the formula is the sum of all the cells in the Rainfall range, for the date specified in cell D2.
```=SUM((MONTH(Dates)=MONTH(D2))*(DAY(Dates)=DAY(D2))*Rainfall)
```
• In cell F2, enter the following array formula (terminate the formula by pressing Shift+Ctrl+Enter). The result of the formula is the number of cells in the Rainfall range, for the date in cell D2, that have a value in them.
• ```=SUM((MONTH(Dates)=MONTH(D2))*(DAY(Dates)=DAY(D2))*(Rainfall<>""))
```
• In cell G2, enter the following regular formula. This is your average for the date in cell D2.
• ```=IF(F2<>0,E2/F2,"")
```
• Select the range E2:G2 and copy down for all the dates shown in column D.
• This approach works, but it takes quite a while to calculate. This is because you effectively entered 730 array formulas, each checking over 37,000 cells. This is a lot of work, and consequently it may appear like your machine has "hung" after you complete step 7. It has not hung; it will just take it a while to complete the calculations.

To decrease the number of calculations that must be performed, you can use a variation on the above steps. Follow steps 1 through 3, as noted, and then place the following array formula into cell E2:

```=AVERAGE(IF(ISNUMBER(Dates)*ISNUMBER(Rainfall)*(MONTH(Dates)=MONTH(D2))*(DAY(Dates)=DAY(D2)),Rainfall))
```

You can then copy the formula down for all the dates shown in column D. The result of this formula is the actual average rainfall, the same as had been shown in column G in the previous approach.

This formula works because of the way that Boolean arithmetic works in Excel. The ISNUMBER function returns either True or False, and the comparisons (MONTH and DAY) return either True or False. These results are all multiplied against each other, resulting in True only if all the individual tests are True. Only if they are all True will the average of the Rainfall for that particular date be calculated.

You can reduce the calculation overhead even further by simply getting rid of all the table that calculates the averages for every day of the year. With your dates and rainfall in columns A and B, follow these steps:

1. Select all the cells in column A that contain dates and assign this range the name Dates.
2. Select all the cells in column B that contain rainfall data and assign this range the name Rainfall.
3. In cell D2, place the date for which you want to check the average rainfall. (The year isn't important; only the month and day are used in the calculation.)
4. Enter the following formula into cell E2:
```=AVERAGE(IF(ISNUMBER(Dates)*ISNUMBER(Rainfall)*(MONTH(Dates)=MONTH(D2))*(DAY(Dates)=DAY(D2)),Rainfall))
```

That's it. Now, you can change the date in cell D2 as desired, and cell E2 will always indicate the average rainfall for that date. The formula in cell E2 is the same as the formula used in the last approach; the difference is that you aren't calculating it for all the days in a year, and thus the calculation is done much quicker.

Another approach involves the use of Excel's filtering capabilities. Before you can use them properly, however, you must create a column that shows only the month and day for each date in your data. Use this formula in cell C2:

```=MONTH(A2) & "-" & DAY(A2)
```

Now, turn on AutoFiltering (Data | Filter | AutoFilter) and use the drop-down list at the top of the new column to select the date for which you want an average. You then use the following formula, placed in any cell desired, to show the average rainfall for the selected date:

```=SUBTOTAL(1,B:B)
```

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (2350) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Calculating Averages by Date.

##### Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

##### MORE FROM ALLEN

Converting Footnotes to Endnotes

When you spend a lot of time creating footnotes, how can you convert all of them to endnotes without entering them all ...

Discover More

When Replace Doesn't Work

Find and Replace is a great tool, but what are you to do if your find or replace doesn't work as you expect? This tip ...

Discover More

Erratic Behavior of Ctrl+PgDn

Have you ever noticed that when you use Ctrl+PgDn or Ctrl+PgUp that Word may give you results you didn't expect. Here's ...

Discover More Comprehensive VBA Guide Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is the language used for writing macros in all Office programs. This complete guide shows both professionals and novices how to master VBA in order to customize the entire Office suite for their needs. Check out Mastering VBA for Office 2010 today!

Forcing Dates Forward

Want to push a date to some pre-defined day of the month? Here's some ways to force the issue.

Discover More

Calculating the Last Day in a Week Number

Given a particular week number for a year, you may want to figure out the date of the last day in that week. There is no ...

Discover More

Every Second Tuesday

Need a way to enter dates from every second Tuesday (or some other regular interval)? Excel makes it easy, providing ...

Discover More
##### Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

If you would like to add an image to your comment (not an avatar, but an image to help in making the point of your comment), include the characters [{fig}] in your comment text. You’ll be prompted to upload your image when you submit the comment. Maximum image size is 6Mpixels. Images larger than 600px wide or 1000px tall will be reduced. Up to three images may be included in a comment. All images are subject to review. Commenting privileges may be curtailed if inappropriate images are posted.

What is three less than 3?

2021-01-21 10:19:04

Rajbardhan

Hi ,

Pre Date Post Date KPI 1-Dec 2-Dec 3-Dec 4-Dec 5-Dec 6-Dec 7-Dec 8-Dec 9-Dec 10-Dec 11-Dec 12-Dec 13-Dec 14-Dec
7-Dec 28-Dec Data-1 470.6 494.5 501.8 511.3 522.3 513.2 469.8 519.3 496.9 476.2 458.8 468.7 474.7 457.9
7-Dec 28-Dec Data-2 58.65 58.76 59.34 55.27 82.42 74.35 62.82 81.24 65.8 64.99 64.25 66.14 70.08 68.08
7-Dec 28-Dec Data-3 411.96 435.78 442.5 456.03 439.86 438.83 406.93 438.04 431.09 411.17 394.51 402.56 404.61 389.78
7-Dec 28-Dec Data-4 794.8 773.8 809.3 809.6 711.1 833.4 767.9 825.1 811.0 744.1 725.6 751.3 844.6 707.9

In Above sheet, i need Pre Date as Starting point and than same from 7th December in Column for next 7days Average ( 7 Dec to 13 Dec) Data.

2016-11-07 07:12:46

Elisha

I have one column with dates, and another column with numbers. I want to reduce the rows such that for each similar date, I have an average of the numbers.
1-Jan-50 -9999
1-Jan-50 2
2-Jan-50 -9999
2-Jan-50 5
3-Jan-50 -9999
3-Jan-50 0.2
How do I go about it?

2016-02-08 14:18:16

Rick

A very useful way to look at sales data for months or quarters, also. However, my version of Excel 2000 returns a value of 1 for MONTH(A2) if cell A2 is blank. I had to verify the cell is not blank with an if statement for spotty data at the beginning of my worksheet.

##### This Site

Got a version of Excel that uses the menu interface (Excel 97, Excel 2000, Excel 2002, or Excel 2003)? This site is for you! If you use a later version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the ribbon interface.