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Returning the Left-most Characters

Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Returning the Left-most Characters.

Sometimes you may need to create a worksheet formula that examines the left-most characters in a different cell. To allow for this need, Excel provides the LEFT worksheet function. You use it by specifying the cell or value to use, along with the number of character to return. For instance, the following formula returns the three left-most characters in cell A7:


If the value in A7 is not text, then LEFT still treats it as if it is. Thus, if A7 contains 12345, then the above formula returns the text value 123.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (2488) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Returning the Left-most Characters.

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Comments for this tip:

Ramin Aliyev    24 Feb 2014, 02:46
Great! it works with both LEFT and RIGHT commands.
Jim Autrey    21 Feb 2014, 08:29
Excellent. Thanks, Peter. I'll add this routine to my personal.xlsb file.
Peter Moran    20 Feb 2014, 23:06
Hi Jim,

I had this problem and found and modified the following:

Sub TrimALL()
' David McRitchie 2000-07-03 mod 2000-08-16 join.htm
' Trims Unwanted Chars from Cell Selection
' Loaded 22/5/03
   Dim Cell As Range
   Application.ScreenUpdating = False
   Application.Calculation = xlCalculationManual
   'Also Treat CHR 0160, as a space (CHR 032)
   Selection.Replace What:=Chr(160), Replacement:=Chr(32), _
     LookAt:=xlPart, SearchOrder:=xlByRows, MatchCase:=False
   'Trim in Excel removes extra internal spaces, TRIM in VBA does not
   On Error Resume Next 'in case no text cells in selection
   For Each Cell In Intersect(Selection, _
      Selection.SpecialCells(xlConstants, xlTextValues))
     Cell.Value = Application.Trim(Cell.Value)
   Next Cell
   On Error GoTo 0
   Application.Calculation = xlCalculationAutomatic
   Application.ScreenUpdating = True

End Sub

Peter Moran
Jim Autrey    19 Feb 2014, 06:11
Thank you. I'll try that the next time I get a file that I can’t trim correctly.
Michael (Micky) Avidan    19 Feb 2014, 05:35
=CODE(LEFT(A1)) will return the left most characters CODE.
The frequent NON-PRINTABLE characters codes are: 160, 254, 32 - where 32 reppresents a Space.
Michael (Micky) Avidan
“Microsoft® Answers" - Wiki author & Forums Moderator
“Microsoft®” MVP – Excel (2009-2014)
Jim Autrey    18 Feb 2014, 05:12
Thanks.. Yes, TRIM usually works, but there are times when the alpha numeric characters are a specific distance from the left and are not deleted using TRIM. And no, the cell is not indented.

What I need is a "stronger" TRIM - one that deletes everything but alpha-numeric characters. Or, maybe a way to find out what the specific character is that TRIM won't delete.

Thanks for the post.
Michael (Micky) Avidan    17 Feb 2014, 09:21
The function: TRIM will be more than happy to assist you.
Check it out in Excel's Help.
Michael (Micky) Avidan
“Microsoft® Answers" - Wiki author & Forums Moderator
“Microsoft®” MVP – Excel (2009-2014)
Jim Autrey    16 Feb 2014, 15:58
Sometimes, there are one or more spaces preceding the alpha-numeric characters in the cell. Does Excel have a function to ignore the spaces? I'm sure a macro would be easy to set up, but a function would be simpler.

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