by Allen Wyatt
(last updated January 20, 2017)
When using multiple worksheets, Chris wonders if there is a way to 'lock' the scrolling through all worksheets. For instance, if he scrolls down and across on Sheet1 until rows 100 to 140 and columns G to P are in view, then when he switches to Sheet2 (or any other worksheet) he would like the same rows and columns to be shown on those worksheets.
The only way to accomplish this task is through the use of macros. What has to happen is that the macro needs to determine which rows and columns are visible when a sheet is deactivated (being left) and then set the display of the activated sheet (the one you are going to) to the same rows and columns. The following macros, added to the ThisWorkbook module, perform exactly this task.
Dim grngSelection As Range Dim gintScrollColumn As Integer Dim glngScrollRow As Long Private Sub Workbook_SheetActivate(ByVal Sh As Object) If TypeName(ActiveSheet) = "Worksheet" Then On Error Resume Next With ActiveWindow Sh.Range(grngSelection.Address).Select .ScrollColumn = gintScrollColumn .ScrollRow = glngScrollRow End With End If End Sub
Private Sub Workbook_SheetDeactivate(ByVal Sh As Object) Dim oSheet As Object If TypeName(Sh) = "Worksheet" Then Set oSheet = ActiveSheet Application.EnableEvents = False Sh.Activate With ActiveWindow gintScrollColumn = .ScrollColumn glngScrollRow = .ScrollRow Set grngSelection = .RangeSelection End With oSheet.Activate Application.EnableEvents = True End If End Sub
Note the use of the variables outside of the event handlers. These variables are used to pass the values of the column, row, and selected area from the SheetDeactivate handler to the SheetActivate handler.
Of course, you may not want an automatic solution. Instead, you may want the user to take a specific step to trigger whether the worksheets are synchronized. This can be done by adding the following macro to a regular module in your workbook:
Global WindowScrollRow Global WindowScrollCol Global WindowSyncOn As Boolean Public Sub WindowLock() If Not WindowSyncOn Then WindowScrollRow = ActiveWindow.VisibleRange.Row WindowScrollCol = ActiveWindow.VisibleRange.Column Application.StatusBar = "WindowSync: ON" Else Application.StatusBar = "" End If WindowSyncOn = Not WindowSyncOn End Sub
All that this macro does is to check the status of the global variable WindowSyncOn. If the value is False, then the current settings for the top visible row and leftmost visible column are stored into global variables. The setting of these variables are then used by the following event handler, added to the ThisWorkbook module:
Private Sub Workbook_SheetActivate(ByVal Sh As Object) If WindowSyncOn Then If Not ActiveWindow Is Nothing Then ActiveWindow.ScrollRow = WindowScrollRow ActiveWindow.ScrollColumn = WindowScrollCol End If End If End Sub
The macro simply checks the setting of the WindowSyncOn variable, and if it is True (it has been set), then the macro sets which row and column are at the top and left of the active window.
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