**Please Note: **
This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), *this tip may not work for you*. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Counting Wins and Losses.

Graham has, in Excel, created a matrix of player names for his league. Cells B2:H2 contain the names of the players, as do cells A3:A9. At each intersection in the matrix, Graham places a "W" or "L" to indicate whether the match-up resulted in a win or loss for the player in each row. If a player plays another person more than once, then a cell contains a "W" or "L" for each game. Graham was wondering what formula could be used, starting in column I, to indicate the number or wins and losses for each player.

There are a number of ways you can get the desired information. One is to use this type of formula:

=LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B3&C3&D3&E3&F3&G3&H3,"L",""))

This formula calculates the number of non-L characters in row 3—in other words, the number of wins. It does this by concatenating the contents of B3:H3, and then using the SUBSTITUTE function to remove all the Ls. This leaves the Ws, which are counted by the LEN function. You could also use the CONCATENATE function, in the following manner, for the same result:

=LEN(SUBSTITUTE(CONCATENATE(B3,C3,D3,E3,F3,G3,H3),"L",""))

To calculate the number of losses, simply replace "L" in each formula with "W".

You can also use an array formula, which allows you to specify a range of cells to examine, rather than needing to specify every single cell:

=SUM(LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B3:H3, "L","")))

This array formula, entered by pressing **Shift+Ctrl+Enter**, returns the number of wins (W characters) in the range B3:H3.

Finally, you can use a user-defined function to return the occurrences of a specific character within a given range. The following macro will do the trick:

Function CharNums(r, chr) As Integer Dim c As Range Dim strX As String Dim J As Integer Application.Volatile CharNums = 0 For Each c In r.Cells strX = c.Value For J = 1 To Len(strX) If Mid(strX, J, 1) = chr Then CharNums = CharNums + 1 Next J Next c End Function

To use the function, you would us a formula like this in your worksheet:

=CharNums(B3:H3;"W")

The function returns the number of uppercase W characters in the range. All other characters (including lowercase w characters) are ignored. To count losses, simply substitute L for W in the formula.

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This tip (3049) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: **Counting Wins and Losses**.

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2016-01-12 14:00:55

Grassland

2015-03-16 21:45:45

hogmr16

2012-04-30 14:00:02

awyatt

This means that a single cell could have multiple Ws and Ls in them. Thus, a cell could have in it "WWW" or "WLWWL" or any other permutation.

If a cell contains ONLY a "W" or an "L", then the shorter COUNTIF formulas would work fine.

2012-04-30 13:53:24

ProClave

WINS:

=COUNTIF(B3:H3,"W")

Losses:

=COUNTIF(B3:H3,"L")

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