Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Rounding Numbers.

Rounding Numbers

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated August 15, 2014)


Excel provides a number of built-in worksheet functions for rounding numbers. The exact function you should use depends on exactly what you need to do with a value.

The first worksheet function is ROUND. This function allows you to essentially round to any power of ten. The syntax is as follows:

=ROUND(num, digits)

The num argument is the number you want to round, while digits indicates how many digits you want the result rounded to. If digits is a positive value, then it represents the number of decimal places to use when rounding. Thus, if digits is 3, then num is rounded to three decimal places. If digits is zero, then ROUND returns a rounded whole number. If digits is a negative number, then ROUND returns a number rounded to the number of tens represented by digits. Thus, if digits is –2, then ROUND returns a number rounded to the nearest 100.

Two other worksheet functions that return rounded values are ROUNDUP and ROUNDDOWN. These functions use the same arguments as ROUND and behave virtually identically. The only difference is that ROUNDUP always rounds num up, meaning away from 0. ROUNDDOWN is the opposite, always rounding down, toward 0.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (2147) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Rounding Numbers.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He  is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...


Changing Section Headers

Add subtotals to a worksheet and you can instruct Excel to start each new subtotal section on a new printed page. You may ...

Discover More

Repeating Actions

Need to repeat an action a whole bunch of times? You can do it a time or two using keyboard shortcuts, but you'll need a ...

Discover More

Missing Top and Bottom Margins

You get your document set up just the way you want it, and then notice that all of a sudden Word doesn't show any top or ...

Discover More

Solve Real Business Problems Master business modeling and analysis techniques with Excel and transform data into bottom-line results. This hands-on, scenario-focused guide shows you how to use the latest Excel tools to integrate data from multiple tables. Check out Microsoft Excel 2013 Data Analysis and Business Modeling today!

More ExcelTips (menu)

Establishing a FLOOR and CEILING

Excel includes a surprising number of functions you can use to round your data. Two such functions are FLOOR and CEILING, ...

Discover More

Using the SUBTOTAL Function

Need to sum up different ranges of cells? One of the tools you can use is the handy SUBTOTAL function, described in this tip.

Discover More

Using the MROUND Worksheet Function

If you want to round a value to some multiple of a whole number, you'll want to become familiar with the MROUND function. ...

Discover More

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

View most recent newsletter.


If you would like to add an image to your comment (not an avatar, but an image to help in making the point of your comment), include the characters [{fig}] in your comment text. You’ll be prompted to upload your image when you submit the comment. Images larger than 600px wide or 1000px tall will be reduced. Up to three images may be included in a comment. All images are subject to review. Commenting privileges may be curtailed if inappropriate images are posted.

What is seven more than 5?

2015-07-27 07:08:55



The second parameter in the Round function is simply the number of decimal places to the right of the decimal point that you want to round to. So 2 rounds to the nearest .01, 1 rounds to the nearest .01 , zero rounds to the nearest integer.

Following this sequence -1 rounds to the nearest 10, and -2 to the nearest 100; negative numbers bein the number of decimal place to the left of the decimal point.

2015-07-27 05:15:27

Willy Vanhaelen

=round(175,-1) -> 180
=round(174.99,-1) -> 170
=round(150,-2) -> 200
=round(149.99,-2) -> 100

2015-07-26 21:32:37


What is concept behind rounding to negative numbers?
Like how i can calculate answer manualy for round(179,-1). I know excel will do it but how this formula works? I didn't understand the "rounded to nearest 100".

2015-04-30 06:01:44



If you want to round to only one decimal place but show two decimal places then you can use either:

1. use =ROUND(4.33,1) and format the cell to show 2 decimal places, or

2. use the formula =ROUND(4.33,1) & "0" in this case the result will be text (the result can still be used in formulas as Excel will convert this to a number for calculation purposes - it does in Excel 2010 anyway).

2015-04-29 17:55:25


Chuck: You do it just as explained in this tip. If the number (4.33 or 4.39) is in cell A1, then you use the following:

=ROUND(A1, 2)


2015-04-29 17:50:54


how do i take 4.33 and round round to 4.30
and 4.39 and round to 4.4o

This Site

Got a version of Excel that uses the menu interface (Excel 97, Excel 2000, Excel 2002, or Excel 2003)? This site is for you! If you use a later version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the ribbon interface.

Newest Tips

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

(Your e-mail address is not shared with anyone, ever.)

View the most recent newsletter.