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Triggering an Event when a Worksheet is Deactivated

Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Triggering an Event when a Worksheet is Deactivated.

John needs to ensure that certain actions have taken place (information added, etc.) before a user leaves a worksheet. He wonders if there is there some sort of macro event such as WorksheetBeforeDeactivate.

There are actually two events you could use for this purpose. You can use the SheetDeactivate event in the ThisWorkbook module to trigger actions whenever a user leaves any worksheet in the workbook:

Private Sub Workbook_SheetDeactivate(ByVal Sh As Object)
    MsgBox Prompt:="You just left sheet:" & Sh.Name
End Sub

If you want to trigger actions only when they leave a particular worksheet, then you can use the Deactivate event in the WorkSheet object:

Private Sub Worksheet_Deactivate()
    ' sheet specific code goes here
End Sub

You should know, however, that in either case the worksheet to which the user is choosing to go will be the active worksheet after the event is completed. If you want to force the user to stay on the worksheet, you need to specifically put them back on the worksheet, in this manner:

Private Sub Worksheet_Deactivate()
    ' sheet specific code goes here
End Sub

This assumes, of course, that the name of the worksheet you want the user to remain on is Sheet1.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (7728) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Triggering an Event when a Worksheet is Deactivated.

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Comments for this tip:

Willy Vanhaelen    30 Mar 2016, 12:20

This will work however and the effect is the same:

Private Sub Worksheet_Activate()
End Sub
Willy Vanhaelen    30 Mar 2016, 12:05

I don't think you can. When Worksheet_Deactivate runs, the newly selected sheet is already the active one and the sheet you left is not active anymore. You cannot change the cursor position on an inactive sheet.
urvil    29 Mar 2016, 11:27
How To select A1 cell before the sheet get deactivate in this.
Venkat    24 Mar 2016, 08:07
Thanks a great site to learn Excel VBA !



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