Loading

Got a version of Excel that uses the
menu interface (Excel 97, Excel 2000, Excel 2002, or Excel 2003)?
**This site is for you!** If you
use a later version of Excel, visit
our *ExcelTips* site focusing on the ribbon interface.

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company.

Learn more about Allen...

ExcelTips FAQ

ExcelTips Resources

Ask an Excel Question

Make a Comment

Free Business Forms

Free Calendars

** Please Note:** This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later),

Graham has, in Excel, created a matrix of player names for his league. Cells B2:H2 contain the names of the players, as do cells A3:A9. At each intersection in the matrix, Graham places a "W" or "L" to indicate whether the match-up resulted in a win or loss for the player in each row. If a player plays another person more than once, then a cell contains a "W" or "L" for each game. Graham was wondering what formula could be used, starting in column I, to indicate the number or wins and losses for each player.

There are a number of ways you can get the desired information. One is to use this type of formula:

=LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B3&C3&D3&E3&F3&G3&H3,"L",""))

This formula calculates the number of non-L characters in row 3—in other words, the number of wins. It does this by concatenating the contents of B3:H3, and then using the SUBSTITUTE function to remove all the Ls. This leaves the Ws, which are counted by the LEN function. You could also use the CONCATENATE function, in the following manner, for the same result:

=LEN(SUBSTITUTE(CONCATENATE(B3,C3,D3,E3,F3,G3,H3),"L",""))

To calculate the number of losses, simply replace "L" in each formula with "W".

You can also use an array formula, which allows you to specify a range of cells to examine, rather than needing to specify every single cell:

=SUM(LEN(SUBSTITUTE(B3:H3, "L","")))

This array formula, entered by pressing **Shift+Ctrl+Enter**, returns the number of wins (W characters) in the range B3:H3.

Finally, you can use a user-defined function to return the occurrences of a specific character within a given range. The following macro will do the trick:

Function CharNums(r, chr) As Integer Dim c As Range Dim strX As String Dim J As Integer Application.Volatile CharNums = 0 For Each c In r.Cells strX = c.Value For J = 1 To Len(strX) If Mid(strX, J, 1) = chr Then CharNums = CharNums + 1 Next J Next c End Function

To use the function, you would us a formula like this in your worksheet:

=CharNums(B3:H3;"W")

The function returns the number of uppercase W characters in the range. All other characters (including lowercase w characters) are ignored. To count losses, simply substitute L for W in the formula.

*ExcelTips* is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (3049) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Counting Wins and Losses.

*Related Tips:*

**Save Time and Supercharge Excel!** Automate virtually any routine task and save yourself hours, days, maybe even weeks. Then, learn how to make Excel do things you thought were simply impossible! Mastering advanced Excel macros has never been easier. Check out *Excel 2010 VBA and Macros* today!

I have a spreadsheet of football standings, Column A lists team names and columns B-K are weeks 1-10 which can contain either W (win), L (loss), or B (Bye week) for each team. Column L is a Totals column for which I want the records displayed in W-L format (e.g. 5-2 for five wins and two losses, ignoring Bye weeks in tallying obviously). How would I do this with a formula? Thanks in advance!

I need a formula to calculate wins and loses. I have a column called record. I would like the record to change after every w or l. column e is called result and has either a w or a l in it. column g is called record. I would like record to be 1-0, and to change with every w or l. e3:e29.

The simple COUNTIF formulas by ProClave won't work. Note that the first paragraph of the tip says "If a player plays another person more than once, then a cell contains a "W" or "L" for each game."

This means that a single cell could have multiple Ws and Ls in them. Thus, a cell could have in it "WWW" or "WLWWL" or any other permutation.

If a cell contains ONLY a "W" or an "L", then the shorter COUNTIF formulas would work fine.

This means that a single cell could have multiple Ws and Ls in them. Thus, a cell could have in it "WWW" or "WLWWL" or any other permutation.

If a cell contains ONLY a "W" or an "L", then the shorter COUNTIF formulas would work fine.

WINS:

=COUNTIF(B3:H3,"W")

Losses:

=COUNTIF(B3:H3,"L")

=COUNTIF(B3:H3,"W")

Losses:

=COUNTIF(B3:H3,"L")