 Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Adding Ordinal Notation to Dates.

# Adding Ordinal Notation to Dates by Allen Wyatt
(last updated April 30, 2020)

When developing a workbook, you may have a need to place suffixes such as "st, nd, rd, or th" at the end of dates, as in "9th March." Unfortunately, there is no way to do this using the built-in date formats you can apply to individual cells. You can create custom formats for each of the four suffix types, if desired, but they would have to be applied individually based on the contents of the cell itself.

The only other option is to use some sort of conversion formula. These are easy enough to put together, but the resulting cell will not contain a true Excel date, but text. This precludes the cell contents from being used in other date-related functions. The following is an example of the type of conversion formula you can use:

```=DAY(A1)&IF(OR(DAY(A1)={1,2,3,21,22,23,31}),
CHOOSE(1*RIGHT(DAY(A1),1),"st","nd ","rd "),"th")
&TEXT(A1,"mmmm, yyyy")
```

There are others, but they all essentially do the same thing—pull the various parts of a date apart and put them back together with the proper suffix.

If you prefer, you can also create a macro function that would return a properly formatted date, with the ordinal suffix. The following is one such macro:

```Function OrdinalDate(myDate As Date)
Dim dDate As Integer
Dim dText As String
Dim mDate As Integer
Dim mmmText As String

dDate = Day(myDate)
mDate = Month(myDate)

Select Case dDate
Case 1: dText = "st"
Case 2: dText = "nd"
Case 3: dText = "rd"
Case 21: dText = "st"
Case 22: dText = "nd"
Case 23: dText = "rd"
Case 31: dText = "st"
Case Else: dText = "th"
End Select

Select Case mDate
Case 1: mmmText = " January"
Case 2: mmmText = " February"
Case 3: mmmText = " March"
Case 4: mmmText = " April"
Case 5: mmmText = " May"
Case 6: mmmText = " June"
Case 7: mmmText = " July"
Case 8: mmmText = " August"
Case 9: mmmText = " September"
Case 10: mmmText = " October"
Case 11: mmmText = " November"
Case 12: mmmText = " December"
End Select

OrdinalDate = dDate & dText & mmmText
End Function
```

You use the macro by simply invoking it within a cell formula. For example, if you have a date stored in cell B7, you can use the following in any other cell:

```=OrdinalDate(B7)
```

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the ExcelTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (2510) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Adding Ordinal Notation to Dates.

##### Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

##### MORE FROM ALLEN

Setting Matrix Row Spacing in the Equation Editor

The Equation Editor is a tool you can use to create complex mathematical formulas and insert them in your documents. If ...

Discover More

Ignoring N/A Values in a Sum

You can use some of Excel's worksheet functions across a range or worksheets, but not all of them. One that has problems ...

Discover More

Changing Page Number Format

Need your page numbers to not appear as regular Arabic numerals? Here's a way to get them to appear in a different ...

Discover More Professional Development Guidance! Four world-class developers offer start-to-finish guidance for building powerful, robust, and secure applications with Excel. The authors show how to consistently make the right design decisions and make the most of Excel's powerful features. Check out Professional Excel Development today!

Summing Absolute Values

You can easily sum a series of values in Excel, but it is not so easy to sum the absolute values of each value in a ...

Discover More

Maintaining Text Formatting in a Lookup

Want to maintain the formatting used in one cell when you use formulas to reference that text in another cell? The answer ...

Discover More

Excluding Values from Averaging

Calculating an average of a group of numbers is easy. What if you want to exclude a couple of the numbers from the group ...

Discover More
##### Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in ExcelTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

If you would like to add an image to your comment (not an avatar, but an image to help in making the point of your comment), include the characters [{fig}] in your comment text. You’ll be prompted to upload your image when you submit the comment. Maximum image size is 6Mpixels. Images larger than 600px wide or 1000px tall will be reduced. Up to three images may be included in a comment. All images are subject to review. Commenting privileges may be curtailed if inappropriate images are posted.

What is 5 + 7?

2020-10-25 23:44:00

Jess

I should note that on my previous comment it will show the date as Nov. 4th, 2020.
If you want the full month, replace "mmm" with "mmmm" and remove the periods (easy enough with find and replace)

2020-10-25 23:40:40

Jess

Hi! I came up with a different solution to this issue and I wanted to share it. I was making a planner spreadsheet where in one cell I had the date, with custom number formatting=dddd so it would only show the name of the weekday. Then I had a formula referencing that cell: =IF(OR(DAY(A1)=1,DAY(A1)=21,DAY(A1)=31),TEXT(A1,"mmm")&". "&DAY(A1)&"st, "&YEAR(A1),IF(OR(DAY(A1)=2,DAY(A1)=22),TEXT(A1,"mmm")&". "&DAY(A1)&"nd, "&YEAR(A1),IF(OR(DAY(A1)=3,DAY(A1)=23),TEXT(A1,"mmm")&". "&DAY(A1)&"rd, "&YEAR(A1),TEXT(A1,"mmm")&". "&DAY(A1)&"th, "&YEAR(A1))))
It's always nice to have many ways to do something. I hope this helps someone.

2020-09-04 03:48:23

Stordarth

I did it by using the 4 custom formats and applying conditional formatting using formulas.

My format structure is:

ddd, d"x" mmmm yyyy

"x" is one of the four ordinals, ddd shows the 3 letter abbreviated day, d returns the DAY value, mmmm returns the full month name, and yyyy the full year.

I then used four conditional formatting rules on my desired range:

=IF(OR(DAY(B3)=1,DAY(B3)=21,DAY(B3)=31),TRUE,FALSE) for the "st" days
=IF(OR(DAY(B3)=2,DAY(B3)=22),TRUE,FALSE) for the "nd" days
=IF(OR(DAY(B3)=3,DAY(B3)=23),TRUE,FALSE) for the "rd" days
=IF(OR(AND(DAY('Raw Data'!B3)>3,DAY('Raw Data'!B3)<21),AND(DAY('Raw Data'!B3)>23,DAY('Raw Data'!B3)<31)),TRUE,FALSE) for the "th" days

Substitute B3 for the cell you're applying the formatting to, and it will adjust itself across your range.

Tested for all 31 day values and it works perfectly.

2019-10-19 11:40:37

Willy Vanhaelen

Oops ! disregard the 2 previous UDF's. I have been a little hasty and didn't test them enough. Here is one that does the job correctly (still as short):

Function OrdinalDate(D As Date)
Dim Ord As String
Select Case Day(D)
Case 1, 21, 31: Ord = "st "
Case 2, 22: Ord = "nd "
Case 3, 23: Ord = "rd "
Case Else: Ord = "th "
End Select
OrdinalDate = Day(D) & Ord & Format(D, "mmmm")
End Function

2019-10-19 08:44:17

Willy Vanhaelen

Here is an even shorter version:

Function OrdinalDate(D As Date)
Dim Ord As String
Ord = "th "
On Error Resume Next
Ord = Choose(Right(Day(D), 1), "st ", "nd ", "rd ")
OrdinalDate = Day(D) & Ord & Format(D, "mmmm")
End Function

2019-10-19 08:27:58

Willy Vanhaelen

The macro in this tip can be drastically shortened. Here is my simplified version:

Function OrdinalDate(D As Date)
Dim Ord As String
Select Case Right(Day(D), 1)
Case 1: Ord = "st "
Case 2: Ord = "nd "
Case 3: Ord = "rd "
Case Else: Ord = "th "
End Select
OrdinalDate = Day(D) & Ord & Format(D, "mmmm")
End Function

2017-02-24 09:11:22

Ell

This gives the American date version, how do I change this to the other way around?

##### This Site

Got a version of Excel that uses the menu interface (Excel 97, Excel 2000, Excel 2002, or Excel 2003)? This site is for you! If you use a later version of Excel, visit our ExcelTips site focusing on the ribbon interface.