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Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Excel versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Excel 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Excel, click here: Storing a User's Location before Running a Macro.
John has a macro that does some processing on various worksheets in a workbook. He wants, at the beginning of the macro, to save the range of cells (or the single cell) that the user has selected. He uses ActiveCell.Address to determine this. Then, at the end of the macro, he wants to return to the user with the same range selected that they originally had selected.
The problem is, the macro could be finished on an entirely different worksheet than where the user started, and ActiveCell.Address only gives a cell address, not a worksheet name and definitely not a range. John wonders about the best way to store what he needs so he can return to the user's original location at the end of the macro.
For the best chance of getting someone back to where they started, there are three elements: workbook, worksheet, and cell. Actually, this last element (cell) may be a bit simplistic, as the user will always have a cell selected (this is what is returned by ActiveCell.Address), but may additionally have a range selected.
Here's how you get all four items:
Dim rngOrigSelection As Range Dim rngOrigCell As Range Dim sOrigWS As String Dim sOrigWB As String Set rngOrigSelection = Selection Set rngOrigCell = ActiveCell sOrigWS = ActiveSheet.Name sOrigWB = ActiveWorkbook.Name
When you want to later return the user to where they were, you can use this type of code:
Workbooks(sOrigWB).Activate Sheets(sOrigWS).Select rngOrigSelection.Select rngOrigCell.Activate
Of course, Excel always has multiple ways that you can accomplish any given task. In this case, you could shorten your code by only remembering the active cell and selected range:
Dim rngOrigSelection As Range Dim rngOrigCell As Range Set rngOrigSelection = Selection Set rngOrigCell = ActiveCell
When you want to restore the user to the location, you rely upon the Parent object available in VBA:
rngOrigSelection.Parent.Parent.Activate rngOrigSelection.Parent.Select rngOrigSelection.Select rngOrigCell.Activate
The Parent object of the selection range you saved is the worksheet in which that range is located, and the Parent of that Parent object is the workbook in which the worksheet is located.
Another approach is to simply create, within your macro, a named range that refers to whatever the user had selected:
ActiveWorkbook.Names.Add Name:="MyOrigPlace", RefersTo:=Selection
After you do your processing, when you are ready to return to what the user had selected, you use this code:
Application.Goto Reference:="MyOrigPlace" ActiveWorkbook.Names("MyOrigPlace").Delete
The first line returns to the selection and the second line then deletes the named range. The only drawback to this approach is that the active cell is not retained; the code assumes that you want the upper-left cell in the range to be the active cell when it is done. You should also be aware that if your processing deletes the cells that make up the named range, then the code may not work properly—Excel can't go to a place that no longer exists.
Of course, you may not have to remember any location at all, if you code your macro correctly. While VBA allows you to "move around" and select different areas of your worksheets and workbook, in most cases this isn't necessary. You could, for instance, simply work with different ranges and then do your work on those ranges, without ever changing the current selection or active cell. Indeed, VBA allows you to change, reformat, sort, delete, and do almost anything you can imagine to cells without actually needing to select them.
ExcelTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Excel training. This tip (3285) applies to Microsoft Excel 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Excel (Excel 2007 and later) here: Storing a User's Location before Running a Macro.
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